What is Hedging in Crypto: A Complete Guide to Hedging Strategies in Crypto


Byline: Hannah Parker

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Hedging is a carefully thought-out risk management approach used by individuals and organisations to offset the possible losses in assets. Consider it the insurance policy counterpart of the financial world. 

The Seven Hedging Strategies in Crypto 

The skill of hedging is a reliable compass in these choppy financial waters, pointing investors toward security. Here are seven hedging strategies investors can use: 

Future Contracts 

With the help of cryptocurrency futures contracts, investors can buy or sell cryptocurrencies at a fixed price on a prearranged future date. This tactic is employed as a hedge against prospective price fluctuations. 

Assume you wish to protect yourself from a potential decline in price, and you own 10 Bitcoins (BTC) for $50,000 each. At $50,000, you sell a Bitcoin futures contract. If Bitcoin drops to $40,000, you can sell it for the agreed price to make up the difference. 

Option Contracts  

Crypto options are a mechanism to protect against market swings since they give the holder the opportunity to purchase (call option) or sell (put option) the underlying cryptocurrency at a predefined price within a given period. 

For example, if you own 100 Ethereum (ETH) and think the price might drop, you can buy a put option for your ETH at $2,000 to hedge. You can exercise the option and sell at a higher price if ETH drops to $1,800, reducing the loss. 

Contracts for Difference (CFDs)  

With CFDs, you can place speculations on the price swings of an asset without actually owning any of it. If you own cryptocurrency and expect its price to drop, you can open a short (sell) position on the related CFD. 

For example, if you initiate a short LTC CFD position at $200 with five Litecoin (LTC). You will make money on the CFD and offset losses in your LTC assets if the price drops to $180. 

Perpetual Swap Contracts 

Contracts for perpetual swaps have no expiration date and keep track of the price of an asset, like Bitcoin. They provide traders with a hedge against future losses when combined with leverage. 

For instance, if you start trading the Bitcoin perpetual swap contract short because you think the price will drop. Gains from the everlasting swap balance your BTC losses if the price of BTC declines. 

Short Selling  

A short sale is when you borrow a cryptocurrency, sell it at market value, and then purchase it back at a lesser price. This is permitted on some platforms. Price reductions are profitable for this tactic. 

For instance, if you borrow 2,000 Ripple (XRP) and sell them at $1 apiece in anticipation of a price decline. You keep the difference and buy back the 2,000 XRP if the price drops to $0.80. 


Cryptocurrencies tied to a reserve, usually a fiat currency, are known as stablecoins. You can preserve value by converting volatile cryptocurrency assets into stablecoins to hedge against market downturns. 

For example, in market turbulence, you may transfer 10% of your volatile cryptocurrency holdings into the US dollar-denominated cryptocurrency USDT (Tether). You are shielded against market downturns even if you miss out on future upswings. 


Investing in various cryptocurrencies is one way to diversify your cryptocurrency holdings. Since several cryptocurrencies may respond to market fluctuations differently, this technique seeks to lower risk. 

In this instance, you will diversify your portfolio among cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and Ripple rather than concentrating all your assets in one. Even if one cryptocurrency declines, another might increase and offset any losses. 

Risks of Hedging in Crypto  

There are dangers involved with hedging. First, there are financial implications, such as premiums and fees for futures and options contracts. By reducing earnings and protecting against losses, hedging can also reduce possible gains. Because default might result in financial losses, party risk is a worry when using stablecoins or over-the-counter derivatives.  

When market circumstances conflict with your hedging plan, particularly in erratic markets, you run the risk of execution. In cryptocurrencies, regulatory risk is constant since shifting laws can impact hedging strategies. The challenge of purchasing or disposing of certain hedges without influencing their values is known as liquidity risk. Intricate tactics might result in errors and losses. 

Pros of Hedging in Crypto  

Even while it carries some risk, hedging has several benefits. Priority should be given to risk minimisation, which lowers exposure to market volatility and possible losses for institutions and individuals. Through the protection of assets against unfavourable price fluctuations, it guarantees portfolio protection by preserving their value during tumultuous times.  

This makes it easier to diversify and allows for balanced exposure to a range of assets and industries. The peace of mind it offers, which enables investors to concentrate on long-term objectives without continuously worrying about short-term price swings, is less obvious but just as significant. 

Tips for Successful Hedging  

Hedging requires serious thought and attention to fundamental concepts to be successful. The first step in choosing a hedging strategy is to understand its risks. To reduce risk, diversify your portfolio by distributing your investments over various assets and industries. Since elaborate solutions entail more dangers and problems, simplicity is generally more beneficial.  

Crypto analysts at Bitcoin Decode noted that “All traders should work at keeping themselves informed by keeping an eye on news and market conditions that may impact your investments, and investors should change their holdings as necessary.” 

Use risk management strategies, like stop-loss orders, to protect profits or restrict losses. Consult financial advisors or cryptocurrency specialists for experienced guidance, particularly when implementing sophisticated methods or if you’re new to hedging. The knowledge can help them make wise choices. 

Hedging is a potent instrument that has many advantages but also some drawbacks. The benefits outweigh the dangers, which include expenses, limited upside, and complexity. Hedging offers a crucial buffer against market volatility, guaranteeing portfolio security, variety, and comfort. To effectively journey through crypto hedging, it is imperative to comprehend the risks involved, diversify your investment portfolio, and employ straightforward tactics. To maximise the efficacy of your hedging efforts, stay informed, employ risk management tools, and consult an expert when necessary. Ultimately, hedging is a powerful ally that will enable you to follow your long-term investment goals with resilience and confidence in the constantly changing world of cryptocurrencies, as well as weather the storms of market unpredictability. 

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